Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces Countyalso extends into the Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio counties. The metropolitan area population in 2011 was 463,577.The population was 307,953, at the July 2011 US Census estimate, making it the eighth most populous city in the state ofTexas. It is the principal city of the tri-county Corpus Christi Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as the larger Corpus Christi-Kingsville Combined Statistical Area. The translation from Latin of the city’s name is Body of Christ, given to the settlement by the Spanish, in honor of the Blessed Sacrament (Eucharist). The city has been nicknamed the “Sparkling City by the Sea”, particularly in literature promoting tourism.
Corpus Christi was founded in 1839 by Colonel Henry Lawrence Kinney as Kinney’s Trading Post, or Kinney’s Ranch. It was a small trading post to sell supplies to a Mexican revolutionary army camped about 25 miles (40 km) west. In July 1845, U.S. troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor set up camp there in preparation for war with Mexico, where they remained until March 1846. Aproximately a year later, the city was named Corpus Christi and was incorporated on September 9, 1852. The Port of Corpus Christi was opened in 1926 and the Corpus Christi Naval Air Station was commissioned in 1941.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Corpus Christi has a total area of 460.2 square miles (1,192.0 km2), of which 154.6 square miles (400.5 km2, 33.60%) of it is land and 305.6 square miles (791.5 km2, 66.40%) is water. Drinking water for the city is supplied by two reservoirs, Lake Corpus Christi and the Choke Canyon Reservoir. Through an effective regional partnership with the Nueces River Authority and the Port of Corpus Christi Authority, a 101-mile (163 km) pipeline was built which transports water from Lake Texana to the city’s O.N. Steven’s Water Treatment Plant. It was named the Mary Rhodes Pipeline, after the late Mayor Mary Rhodes. All reservoirs are outside the city limits, but are managed directly by the public utility of the City of Corpus Christi.
The city has a humid subtropical climate. The climate is a stark contrast to nearby Laredo, which has an arid climate. Corpus Christi has long hot summers and very short mild winters. The city’s record high temperature is 109 °F (43 °C), on September 5, 2000.
Average nighttime winter lows in January, the coldest month, are a little less than 50 °F (10 °C) and its record low is 11 °F(−12 °C). In December 2004, the city experienced snowfall on Christmas Eve, the city’s largest recorded snowstorm at 4.4 inches (11 cm). The snow stayed until Christmas Day and melted the day after.
Corpus Christi is annually very windy, with wind gust often reaching more than 40 miles (64 km) per hour.
In December, it is not unusual to see temperatures between 70 °F (21 °C) and 80 °F (27 °C), and even the occasional temperature greater than 85 °F (29 °C).
2010 Census data
According to the 2010 Census, 33.3% of the population was non-Hispanic White, 3.9% non-Hispanic African American, 0.3% non-Hispanic Native American and Alaska Native, 1.8% non-Hispanic Asian, 0.1% non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race (non-Hispanic) and 0.9% of two or more races (non-Hispanic). 59.7% of Corpus Christi’s population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race).
2000 Census data
As of the census of 2000, there were 277,454 people, 98,791 households, and 70,437 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,794.2 people per square mile (692.7/km2). There were 107,831 housing units at an average density of 697.3 per square mile (269.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.62% White, 4.67% African American, 0.64% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.58% fromother races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 54.33% of the population.
There were 98,791 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27. Same-sex couple households comprised 0.5% of all households.
In the city the population was 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a family was $41,672. Males had a median income of $31,863 versus $22,616 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,419. About 14.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.
Various sections of Corpus Christi maintain distinct senses of identity and community from the city proper, especially the Calallen and Flour Bluff areas. Clarkwood and Annaville have a less prominent sense of identity, but the distinction remains. These areas are sometimes mistakenly believed to be separate municipalities.
The city has many demographic groups, ethnicities, and sub-cultures, each giving it a distinct flavor: the defense bases and the people who work there; the large Hispanic community; the oil related professionals and workers; the cowboy culture; and the surfers.
The city is home to a number of popular destinations for both tourists and residents. The official visitor and tourism information organization is the Corpus Christi Convention and Visitors Bureau. Some of the most visited attractions are located on North Beach, where the Texas State Aquarium and the USS Lexington Museum on the Bay are located.
The USS Lexington was also part of the set for the 2000 film Pearl Harbor. Corpus Christi’s museum district is located near the USSLexington. Some attractions located in the museum district are the Museum of Asian Cultures, the Corpus Christi Museum of Science and History, the South Texas Institute for the Arts, and the Harbor Playhouse Theatre, one of the oldest continually operating community theatres in Texas. Heritage Park is also in the museum district, where a number of older restored houses can be found. The downtown area, of which the museum district is a part of, is home to skyscrapers such as One Shoreline Plaza, company offices, various shops, a very popular center of marinas, and Mirador de la Flor. Downtown also is home of the Texas Surf Museum, which explores the history of surfing and focuses on surf culture along Texas’ 367-mile (591 km) coast, as well as K Space Contemporary, a non-profit art organization dedicated to promoting and presenting local, regional and national contemporary art.
The Corpus Christi Botanical Gardens and Nature Center, also located in the city, hosts gardening programs from time to time. On Oso Bay near the Pharaoh Valley subdivision is theHans and Pat Suter Wildlife Refuge. The Refuge is known for sea bird watching. The nearby Pharaohs golf course also serves as a haven for coastal and migratory birds.
Directly east of Corpus Christi are Padre Island and Mustang Island, home to various municipal, state, and national parks, most notably the Padre Island National Seashore. The city is also near King Ranch, one of the world’s largest ranches, upon which the movie Giantwas based.
The city also celebrate the annual Buccaneer Days Carnival, which is typically held downtown.
S. Padre Island Drive (locally abbreviated as “S.P.I.D.”, with the letters pronounced individually), is the city’s main retail corridor, with two shopping malls, La Palmera (formerly Padre Staples Mall), and Sunrise Mall. Also, a number of other large shopping centers, small strip centers, and restaurants can be found throughout the city.
Corpus Christi also is the home of Midget Ocean Racing Fleet, also known as M.O.R.F., which promotes sailing in the coastal Bend. The Wednesday night races held by M.O.R.F. are the longest-running weekly races in the United States.
The majority of the population is employed in the Services, Wholesale and Retail Trades and Government sectors. Corpus Christi enjoys a below-average unemployment rate of 7.0% as of July 2012.
The Port of Corpus Christi, which is the fifth largest U.S. port and deepest inshore port on the Gulf of Mexico, handles mostly oil and agricultural products. Much of the local economy is driven by tourism and the oil & petrochemicals industry. In 2005, the Port was ranked as the 47th largest in the world by cargo tonnage.
Corpus Christi is home to two installations of the United States military: the Corpus Christi Army Depot, and Naval Air Station Corpus Christi. Combined, these installations provide 6,200 civilian jobs to the local economy, making them the single largest employer in the city. Corpus Christi Army Depot, located on NAS Corpus Christi, is the largest helicopter repair facility in the world.
Corpus Christi is the original home of the headquarters of Whataburger, a fast food restaurant operator and franchiser with 650 stores in ten states and Mexico; however, the company relocated its headquarters to San Antonio in 2009. Other large employers include CHRISTUS Spohn Health System at 5,400 local employees, the Corpus Christi Independent School District with 5,178, H-E-B at 5,000, and Bay Ltd. at 2,100. Other companies based in Corpus Christi include Stripes Convenience Stores and AEP Texas.
Corpus Christi became the first major city to offer city wide free wi-fi[when?] in order to allow remote meter reading after a meter reader was attacked by a dog. In 2007, the network was purchased by Earthlink for $5.5 million, and stopped being a free service on May 31, 2007.
Corpus Christi is served by Corpus Christi International Airport and Interstate 37. U.S. Highway 77 connects the city to Brownsville and Victoria. Texas State Highway 44 is a main thoroughfare that connects Corpus Christi to Laredo and the western part of South Texas by way of U.S. Highway 59, Interstate 35, and U.S. Highway 83. The inner city public transportation is provided by Corpus Christi Regional Transportation Authority with its 28 bus routes. Corpus Christi once had a streetcar system functioning from 1910 to 1931 and a railway station (passenger service ended in 1965). In the early 2000s, there were plans to reintroduce a trolley system back to downtown Corpus Christi, but any plans have since gone dead. Despite the convenience of a large harbor, the city does not have a passenger port. Plans to bring a cruise service are pending.
- Interstate 37
- Interstate 69
- U.S. Highway 77
- U.S. Highway 181
- Texas State Highway 44
- Texas State Highway 286 (Crosstown Expressway)
- Texas State Highway 358 (S.P.I.D. and/or N.P.I.D.)
- Texas State Highway 35
- Texas State Highway 361
- Texas State Highway 357
The city is home to the Corpus Christi IceRays of the North American Hockey League and the Corpus Christi Hooks of the Texas League, and the Corpus Christi Hammerheads of the Intense Football League. Sailing races are held weekly off downtown’s T-heads every Wednesday, where spectators watch vessels competing during sunset. Corpus Christi is also home to the Corpus Christi Rugby Football Club, which is a member of the Texas Rugby Union, an affiliate of the Western Rugby Union and of the United States Rugby Football Union.
Colleges and universities
Corpus Christi is home to several institutions of higher learning: Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Del Mar College, Our Lady of Corpus Christi, a private Roman Catholicuniversity, and numerous vocational schools including Southern Careers Institute , South Texas Vo-Tech, Career Centers of Texas-Corpus Christi, and Vogue Cosmetology School. Corpus Christi is also home to the South Texas School of Christian Studies located on Ward Island alongside Texas A&M Corpus Christi. The school serves as an extension campus on the undergraduate level for Hardin Simmons University and on the graduate level for Logsdon Seminary of Hardin-Simmons University.
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi (TAMUCC or TAMU-CC in short) is a component of the Texas A&M University System. It was formerly known by the following four names: Corpus Christi State University (CCSU), Texas A&I University at Corpus Christi, and University of Corpus Christi.
Del Mar College is a local community college begun in the 1940s at a location behind Wynn Seale Jr. H. S. The main campus began with the administration building which was constructed after World War II on Del Mar. The college grew to encompass a good portion of a residential addition called Southmoreland built from the Bohemian farm lands in the late 1930s. Del Mar now includes a West campus located in area of Corpus Christi that once was Cliff Maus Airport.
Southern Careers Institute offers career training at two Corpus Christi locations, primarily in the medical, business, and cosmetic fields.
Five school districts provide primary and secondary education for area residents: Corpus Christi Independent School District (CCISD), Calallen ISD, Flour Bluff ISD, Tuloso-Midway ISD, and West Oso ISD. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Corpus Christi provides the primary and secondary education for Catholic schools. Several Open Enrollment Charter Schools in Corpus Christi. These public schools are: Accelerated Learning Center, Cesar E Chavez Academy, Corpus Christi College Preparatory HS, Corpus Christi Montessori School, Dr ML Garza-Gonzalez Charter School, GCCLR Institute of Technology, Premier HS of Corpus Christi, Richard Milburn Academy, School of Science and Technology,Seashore Learning Center, and Seashore Middle Academy.
- Flour Bluff High School Grades 9 – 12
- Flour Bluff Jr. High School Grades 7 & 8
- Flour Bluff Intermediate School Grades 5 & 6
- Flour Bluff Elementary School Grades 3 & 4
- Flour Bluff Primary School Grades 1 & 2
- Early Childhood Center Pre-Kindergarten & Kindergarten
- Head Start Ages 1–4
- West Oso High School Grades 9 – 12
- West Oso Junior High School Grades 6 – 8
- West Oso Elementary Grades 2 – 5
- West Oso John F, Kennedy Elementary Grades pre-k – 1st Grade
- Mary Carroll High School
- Richard King High School
- Roy Miller High School
- Foy H. Moody High School (offering the Health Science Academy, among many others)
- W. B. Ray High School
Colligiate High School Middle Schools
- Baker Middle School
- Calallen Middle School
- Cullen Middle School
- Cunningham Middle School
- Driscoll Middle School
- Grant Middle School
- Hamlin Middle School
- Haas Middle School
- Kaffie Middle School
- Martin Middle School
- South Park Middle School
- Tom Browne Middle School
- Wynn Seale Middle School
- Collegiate High School
- School of Science & Technology
- Bl. John Paul II High School
- Richard Milburn Academy Charter High School
- Solomon Coles High School
- Tuloso Midway High School
- Calallen High School
- Incarnate Word Academy High School
- London High School
- School of Science & Technology
- Seashore Middle Academy
- Tuloso Midway Middle School
- Calallen Middle School
- London Middle School
- Bishop Garriga Middle Preparatory School
- Incarnate Word Academy Middle School
Libraries in the city include:
- Garcia, 5930 Brockhampton
- Greenwood, 4044 Greenwood
- Janet F. Harte, 2629 Waldron
- La Retama, 805 Comanche
- Northwest, 3202 McKinzie
- Neyland, 1230 Carmel Pkwy
- Nueces County Public Library in Robstown, Texas
- Mary and Jeff Bell Library at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi
- Del Mar College Libraries
The city’s location beside Corpus Christi Bay, the Gulf of Mexico, and Laguna Madre provides opportunities for water sports and nature tourism. Because of the abundance of fish, waterfowl hunting is available in the region for duck, geese, coot, and teal. White-winged dove and mourning dove are also hunted on private leases.
The city has one of the highest average wind speeds of coastal cities in North America  Combined with the Bay Front area along Ocean Drive, making the city an important destination for wind sports such as kite boarding, wind surfing, kite flying and sailing.
The Corpus Christi Skatepark opened on February 17, 2007. It is located in Cole Park on the shoreline of the Corpus Christi Bay near downtown. The 12,000-square-foot (1,100 m2) concrete park includes a skating bowl, and a street course with stairs, railings and flat surfaces.
Notable people from Corpus Christi
This list is in alphabetical order by last name.
- Amy Acuff, Olympic high jumper
- Mike Adams, MLB player for the Texas Rangers (baseball)
- Barbara Barrie, actress
- Raymond Berry, NFL Hall of Fame
- Justin Brantly, NFL Punter
- John A. Brieden, former national commander of the American Legion
- J. E. “Buster” Brown, politician
- Johnny Canales, TV Show host
- Dabney Coleman, actor
- Roger Creager, country music singer-songwriter
- Design The Skyline, An experimental metal band, signed to Victory Records
- Paula DeAnda, musician
- Tom DeLay, former U.S. Congressman and House Majority Leader
- Carlos DeLuna, executed for murder after now highly controversial conviction, causing concerns about the occurrence of wrongful executions
- Helen Donath, opera singer
- Farrah Fawcett, actress
- Joe Bertram Frantz, historian
- David Freese, MLB player for the St. Louis Cardinals
- Stephanie Griest, author
- Jim Heath, musician known as The Reverend Horton Heat
- Burt Hooton, baseball player
- Ernestine Jackson, actress/singer
- Bret Anthony Johnston, author of the short story collection Corpus Christi: Stories
- Brooks Kieschnick, baseball player
- George King[disambiguation needed], maligned former GM of the Nashville Sounds
- Bobby Labonte, NASCAR Sprint Cup driver and 2000 champion
- Terry Labonte, NASCAR Sprint Cup driver and 1984 & 1996 champion
- Brian Leetch, NHL defenseman. Born in Corpus Christi but grew up in Cheshire, Connecticut.
- Danny Lohner, musician
- Eva Longoria, actress
- Allen Ludden, game show host
- Ramsey Luna, Mexican American boxer.
- Terrence McNally, playwright
- Mitch Morris, actor
- Paul Peress, drummer, composer, producer
- Larry Norman, musician and songwriter
- Todd Oldham, fashion designer
- Revilo P. Oliver, notorious 20th century American fascist and scholar
- Jessie Pavelka, U.S. TV actor and model
- Cliff Pennington, MLB player for the Oakland Athletics
- Lou Diamond Phillips, actor
- Billy Powell, keyboardist
- A.B. Quintanilla, singer and songwriter currently with Kumbia All Starz, Selena’s older brother
- Suzette Quintanilla, drummer for Selena y los Dinos, Selena’s older sister.
- Selena, Singer / Songwriter
- Dody Roach, professional poker player, 2-time World Series of Poker bracelet winner
- Johnny Roland, NFL player and coach
- Lester Roloff, nationally known radio evangelist
- Leslie Sanchez, political pundit
- Pepe Serna, actor
- Robert Simpson, meteorologist and hurricane specialist
- Lori Singer, actress
- Marc Singer, actor
- Sid Sheinberg, ex-president of Universal Studios, helped make Jaws
- Justin Storms, artist, musician
- Raul Torres, state representative from Nueces County
- George Conrad Westervelt, naval officer and engineer; co-founder of Boeing Corporation
- Don Williams, country and western singer
All information about Corpus Christi courtesy of Wikipedia.